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Definition: Beam

Definition: Beam

Definition: What is a Beam?

The horizontal member attached to upright frame columns is called the beam. Pallets or loads sit directly on beams.
Sufficient strength that enables the beam to withstand any load it has been calculated for is the primary requirement in its structure. That is why such beams are defined by their “bending moments,” calculated as the bending force induced into the material of the beam as a result of the external loads, its own weight, span and external reactions to the external loads (goods).
Here is the overview of the basic types of beams:

  1. Simply supported – a beam supported on the ends. They are free to rotate and offer no moment resistance.
  2. Fixed – a beam supported on both ends. It cannot rotate.
  3. Over-hanging – a simple beam that extends on one end beyond its support.
  4. Double over-hanging – a simple beam that extends beyond its supports on both ends.
  5. Continuous – a beam that extends over more than two supports.
  6. Cantilever – a projecting beam that is fixed only at one end.
  7. Trussed – a cable or rod is added to the beam, to strengthen it and form a truss beam.

In a material handling application beams are typically fixed beams supported on both ends cantilever beams.

More information:

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